When I started quilting I hit the computer and went tutorial hunting. I ran across a lot of techniques and words that I did not understand, over time I eventually learned the quilting "lingo". My hope with this lesson is that you will learn some of the basic words/terms often tossed around in quilting tutorials and books. These terms are in order by topic as opposed to Alphabetical.
Chain piecing is when you sew your pieces together with one continuous length of thread without stopping and cutting between pieces. Doing this will really help you save time while sewing.
English Paper Piecing
Method of basting fabric over a paper template, then whipstitching the pieces together. It is most often used with shapes with many set-in corners, such as hexagons.
Foundation Paper Piecing
Foundation Piecing, often called paper piecing. Is a great method to achieve precise points and intricate designs. Your patchwork is sewn directly to the paper, using the design on the paper. The when complete the paper template is removed.
Types of Quilt Blocks
- One-Patch Blocks: Are made by repeating the same unit, such as a one patch star.
- Four-Patch Blocks: Are made of four main square units. The squares can be subdivided, such as a pinwheel.
- Five-Patch Blocks: Are made on a 5 x 5 grid.
- Nine-Patch Blocks: Are made using nine square or rectangle units. The squares can be subdivided.
- Seven-Patch Blocks: Are made on a 7 x 7 grid.
- Star Blocks: Are made on eight or nine patch grids and shaped like a star.
- Log Cabin Blocks: Are sewn from a starting square, usually sewn from the center out.
Half-square Triangle (HST)
Patchwork square made up of two equal triangles.
Patchwork square made up of four equal triangles.
Is typically a geometrical block, but the shapes are not perfectly square, they are "wonky"
Made with small pieces of fabric scraps.
Piecing without prior planning or preparation.
Piecing with the appearance of weaving fabrics.
One quilt with many style blocks.
Patchwork design with a sequence of borders and sections around a central block.
Piecing together a 12" block, adding the batting and backing and completing the quilting before moving on to another block.
Patchwork made from thin strips of fabric.
A traditional blanket made from one whole piece of fabric, not pieced.
Straight Line Quilting
Can be parallel lines or random lines quilted straight.
Straight Line Quilting made in a lattice or grid.
Stitch in the Ditch
Stitching directly in the seams of a quilt.
Free Motion Quilting
Machine quilting done with the feed dogs down, so the quilt can be moved any direction under the needle.
Quilting parallel to quilt seams.
Echoing a shape or appliqué in a quilt (echoed zig-zags above).
Stippling or Meandering
Is a single meandering stitch that never crosses itself.
A decorative design made of one material sewn over another.
Freezer Paper Appliqué
Freezer Paper is pressed to the backside of your fabric and then the edges are folded over and pressed into place. So the fabric is precisely the same shape as your freezer paper template.
Raw Edge Appliqué
Usually fused on to your fabric the edges are left raw and the appliqué is sewn inside the edge.
Bias Strip Appliqué
Used to make narrow designs, such as a flower stem.
An appliqué method where the foundation fabric is on top of the shape. The foundation piece is cut away to show the appliqué shape.
Cutting a print fabric in such a way as to center or otherwise highlight part of the print.
Technique for finishing quilt borders or bindings to resemble picture frames (borders are mitered above).
Is the back piece of your quilt. Usually less extensive or detailed than your quilt top.
Temporary holds together multiple layers of fabric. Can be done with a tack stitch, spray baste, or basting pins.
The Backing, Batting, and Quilt Top make a quilt sandwich.
Using strips of enclosed fabric to finish the raw edges of a quilt.
Binding strips are cut on the bias of the fabric. This is the longest lasting binding. It is essential for biding around curves and usually need more fabric.
Binding strips are cut parallel with the grain of the fabric and usually need less fabric.
Machine Sewn Binding
Binding is sewn on completely with a machine.
Hand Sewn Binding
Usually machine sewn onto your quilt and then folded over to hand sew with a slip stitch.
Sewn much like a pillow case. The quilt is sewn with right sides together then flipped inside out and sewn along the edge.
Is the fabric strips sewn in between your quilt blocks.
Migration of batting fibers through the surface of the quilt. Often more noticeable on darker quilt sandwiches.
Gliding your iron back and forth over fabric to smooth away wrinkle (this can distort the bias of fabric so I always suggest pressing).
Unlike ironing you do not move your iron back and forth, but lightly press your fabric.
Standard sewing machine.
Is made for quilting with a throat space of up to 18". Can be used while sitting or standing.
Is a large, commercial sewing machine with an extended throat space of up to 36”. Used while standing up.
There are many other terms you might run across, these will just give you a basic place to start. Next week we will begin Fabric 101!
You can see all of the posts in this Beginner Quilting Tutorial series here.